Anthurium superbum is a popular house plant. It can be found in many homes for its beautiful, large flowers. The care of Anthurium superbum is not complicated, but there are some things to watch out for that you should know about before purchasing one. This article will provide you with all the information on how to grow and take care of an Anthurium Superbum Plant.
Anthurium Superbum Care Guide Overview
- How To Plant (when & where)
- How To Grow (staking, watering, fertilizing, humidity, mulching)
- How To Trim And Prune
- How To Pot And Repot
- How To Propagate (when & how)
- And Pests and Diseases, Plant Species, Companions, Toxicity
- Scientific Name: Anthurium superbum
- Common Name: Ironclad Birdsnest
- Origin: South America including the Amazon River Basin in Peru and Ecuador. They may also be found in certain areas of Trinidad, Tobago and Brazil.
- Indoor or outdoor plant: The Anthurium Superbum Plant is an indoor plant.
- Height and structure: The Anthurium Superbum Plant grows to approximately one foot tall and wide.
- Leaves: The leaves of the Anthurium Superbum reach up to 10 inches in length and 2-3 inches wide; they are ovular with crinkled edges and a leathery texture. Leaves can be red or green in color, but always have white markings on them that resemble veins.
- Flowers: The flower of an Anthurium superbum is long-lasting and extremely beautiful! This flower reaches 8-12 inches; is composed of three large petals, each measuring roughly 6 inches long. The shape is rosy pink with a distinctive lighter pink ring around its base. Each petal has a dark green blotch in the center.
- Temperature: This plant likes a warm environment ranging from 65-85 degrees Fahrenheit.
How to Plant The Anthurium Superbum
The Anthurium Superbum is usually planted in the spring. Planting instructions:
- Dig a hole that is twice as wide and just as deep as the pot your Anthurium Superbum Plant is currently in.
- Remove your plant from its pot and loosen the soil around the roots gently with your hands.
- Place your plant in the hole you dug and fill in the surrounding soil, making sure to pack it down firmly around the roots.
- Water thoroughly!
Aphurium Superbum should be spaced approximately 8-10 inches away from other plants. The original plant pot should be placed on a saucer to avoid water damage to your furniture or floor. Also, it is essential to remember not to overcrowd Anthurium Superbum plants when you are planting them.
Anthurium Superbum Plants need a medium to bright light. They should be placed within 2-3 feet of a window to receive indirect sunlight. You can also use grow lights to give your plants the right light exposure. Lighting conditions:
- Place your plants in an area where they will receive a medium to bright light.
- Keep them out of direct sunlight, as this can burn the leaves.
- If you are using grow lights, place them 2-3 feet away from your plants and make sure they are on for at least 12 hours a day.
Anthurium Superbum Plants like well-drained potting soil. You can either purchase a special potting mix for Anthuriums or make your own by mixing 1 part garden soil, 1 part peat moss and 1 part perlite. Soil conditions:
- The soil should be well-drained to avoid root rot.
- They like moisture-retentive potting soil; they do not allow the soil to dry out between watering and plant in a container with a drainage hole.
Ever since 1 week after the Anthurium Superbum Plant is planted, you will want to place a support stake in its pot for it to grow on. As the plant grows taller, tie the main stem onto the support so that it doesn’t topple over. You can use wooden skewers or other plastic support stakes or even attach bamboo poles to the rim of the pot to give your plant support.
Your plant should be watered every two weeks during the spring and summer; once a month in fall; and only once or twice during winter. During dry periods, water your plant more frequently. It is very important that the soil has become completely dry before watering again! This will ensure that your plant doesn’t get root rot.
However, do not over-water because this can cause root rot too! The soil should drain well, so make sure it does by using cactus mix or potting soil instead of regular topsoil. If you have been regularly watering your Anthurium Superbum Plant, but it still seems to be drooping, you may have root rot. It is best to seek advice from an experienced gardener or horticulturist before continuing to care for your plant.
How to Grow The Anthurium Superbum
Anthurium Superbum Plants can grow up to 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide. The leaves reach up to 10 inches in length and 2-3 inches wide; they are ovular with crinkled edges and a leathery texture. Leaves can be red or green in color, but they always have white markings that resemble veins.
There are no specific fertilizer requirements for Anthurium Superbum Plants because they are not heavy feeders. During the spring and summer, use a balanced fertilizer once every two weeks on the soil surface around your plant’s roots. During fall and winter, do not fertilize your plant at all! During these seasons, the natural cycle of growth is essentially non-existent; therefore, fertilizing would be useless.
- When fertilizing, do so in the morning or late afternoon so that the leaves have enough time to dry before nightfall. This will help prevent diseases.
- If you are using a homemade fertilizer solution, apply it at half strength.
Anthurium Superbum Plants do not need a lot of humidity. If your home is dry, you can use a room humidifier to increase the moisture in the air around your plant. If you notice brown spots or crystals on your plants’ leaves or petals, it could be because of excess humidity. However, this is rare and normally only happens if the plant is over-watered.
- Use a humidity tray. This is a tray filled with water and stones that will help to increase the humidity around your plant.
- Place your plant near a humidifier or in the bathroom while you’re taking a shower.
Mulching your Anthurium Superbum Plant will help retain moisture and prevent weeds from growing too close to the plant. Use a thin layer of mulch such as dried peat moss, chopped leaves or pine needles around its plant base. This should be done after each time you water it.
Mulching will also help maintain a cooler root zone; this is essential if you live in a place that gets very hot!
Trimming and pruning
Anthurium Superbum Plants can be trimmed at any time; however, it is best to trim them at the beginning of spring or late fall. You should only trim away 1/3 of the plant’s leaves during one trimming session. It is helpful to use shears that have been soaked in rubbing alcohol before making your cuts so that you don’t spread any diseases to the plant. If you are trying to shape your plant into a specific form, do it slowly and cautiously overtime not to damage the plant.
Pot and Re-potting
Anthurium Superbum Plants should be repotted every other year to ensure their original pot’s size does not constrict their roots. The best time of the year to re-pot is in the spring before new growth begins. Larger Anthurium Superbum Plants can be re-potted annually if necessary, but make sure you only re-pot them in containers that are one size bigger than their current pot.
Anthurium Superbum Plants should be re-potted every 2-3 years into a pot that is 1 size larger than their current pot to avoid root-binding.
Anthurium Superbum Plants can be propagated by division or stem cuttings. To propagate by division, carefully remove the plant from the pot and separate the clump of roots. Then, take a sharp knife or pruning shears and cut each individual root ball into smaller chunks.
Place one chunk into another pot that has moist soil; then water it generously until water drips through the drainage hole. If you want to propagate by stem cuttings, take a stem that is at least 6-8 inches long and cut it just below a node (the point where a leaf or branch attaches to the stem).
Strip off any leaves from the bottom 3-4 inches of the cutting and dip it into rooting hormone powder. Plant the cutting in moist soil and water it generously until water drips through the drainage hole.
Repot it into a pot that is only 1-2 inches larger than the original pot (use fresh soil), and be sure to place the cutting in an area where it will receive bright indirect sunlight for at least several hours.
Divide and transplant
Divide and transplant your Anthurium Superbum Plant every 2-3 years into a pot 1 size larger than their current pot to avoid root-binding. To propagate by division, carefully remove the plant from the pot and separate the clump of roots. Then, take a sharp knife or pruning shears and cut each root ball into smaller chunks.
Pests and Diseases
Anthurium Superbum Plants are generally pest and disease free; however, they can occasionally get aphids, mealybugs or spider mites. If you notice any pests or diseases on your plant, treat it with an appropriate pesticide or miticide. Be sure to read the label carefully to ensure that the product is safe for use on houseplants.
Anthurium Superbum Plants are generally pest and disease free; however, they occasionally get aphids, mealybugs or spider mites. If you notice any pests or diseases on your plant, treat it with an appropriate pesticide or miticide. Be sure to read the label carefully to ensure that the product is safe for use on houseplants.
The best way to avoid pests or diseases is to keep your plants healthy and well-watered. Ensure that the soil is always moist (but not wet) and provide them with plenty of bright indirect sunlight. If you follow these simple tips, your Anthurium Superbum Plant will thrive for years to come!
- Anthurium Veitchii ( king Anthurium)
- Warocqueanum (Queen Anthurium)
- Scherzerianum (Flamingo Flower)
- Crystallinum (Ace of Spades)
- Scandens (Pearl Laceleaf)
- Pachyneurium (Big Red Bird)
- Watermaliense (Black Athurium)
- Clarinervium (Velvet Cardboard)
- Andraenaum (Painter’s Palette)
- Anthurium Amnicola ‘White Lady’
- Anthurium Radicans
- Anthurium Pedatoradiatum
- Anthurium Coriaceum
- Anthurium Clarinervium
- Anthurium Faustomirandae
- Anthurium Gracile
- Anthurium Bonplandii
Anthurium Superbum Plants are toxic to cats and dogs. They can cause skin irritation in people with sensitive skin, so you should wear gloves when working around them. Be sure to wash your hands after handling them if you have sensitive skin. Also, Anthurium plants contain calcium oxalate crystals, which irritate the eyes and mouth. You should always wash your hands after handling an Anthurium plant.
Anthurium Superbum plants contain calcium oxalate crystals, making them irritating to the eyes and mouth. This plant can cause nausea or vomiting in pets if ingested, so be sure that your pet cannot reach your plants. Always keep any houseplants out of reach from animals!
Finally, all parts of this plant are poisonous and dangerous if ingested. An Anthurium Superbum Plant can cause nausea or vomiting in cats, dogs, kids, and adults, so keep all houseplants out of reach from animals!
Toxicity to cats and dogs
Skin irritation in people with sensitive skin
Can cause nausea or vomiting if ingested
Calcium oxalate crystals can cause eye and mouth irritation—Wash hands after handling the plant.
Anthurium plants contain calcium oxalate crystals, making them irritate the eyes and mouth if eaten. This plant can cause nausea or vomiting in pets if ingested, so be sure that your pet cannot reach your plants. Keep all houseplants out of reach from animals!
Please read and use the information above to make an informed decision about this plant. If you find it is not a suitable houseplant for your space, please do not continue to grow it.
Well, that’s all I have on Anthurium Superbum Plants for now. Let me know if there is anything else you’d like to know; I’ll be happy to answer any questions. Also, share pictures of your Anthurium Superbum Plant with us below in the comments section!